Predictive Utility of Alcohol Use Disorder Symptoms Across Race/Ethnicity

Karla Gonzalez Suitt, Yessenia Castro, Raul Caetano, Craig A. Field

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Research has shown differences in alcohol use and problems across race/ethnicity. This study examines whether there are differential effects of alcohol use disorder (AUD) symptoms on drinking outcomes across race/ethnicity. Data from 1483 patients admitted to a hospital for treatment of an injury were utilized (19% Black, 45% non-Latino White, and 36% Latino). AUD symptoms and race/ethnicity reported at baseline and their interaction were the predictor variables. Drinking patterns and associated problems measured at the 6- and 12-month follow-up were the outcome variables of interest. Linear regression was the analytic method employed. Endorsement of "spending a great deal of time to obtain, use, or recover from effects of drinking," "craving," "failure to fulfill major role obligations," and "alcohol use in physically hazardous situations" at baseline was associated with greater levels of subsequent alcohol use and alcohol-related problems at both 6- and 12-month follow-ups, regardless of race/ethnicity. Endorsement of "important social, occupational, or recreational activities given up because of drinking" was differentially associated with greater alcohol-related problems at both 6- and 12-month follow-ups dependent on race/ethnicity. Follow-up analyses indicated that this symptom was a significant predictor of alcohol problems among Latino and Black participants, but not non-Latino White participants. Brief interventions targeting these AUD symptoms could increase the effectiveness of brief motivational interventions among different racial/ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-67
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume56
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Alcohol problems
  • Alcohol use
  • Brief interventions
  • Injury
  • Race/ethnicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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