Objective: To investigate the predictive value of post-procedural early (within 24 h) increase in cystatin C for contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) and all-cause mortality following coronary angiography or intervention. Methods: We prospectively investigated 1042 consecutive patients with both baseline and early post-procedural cystatin C measurement undergoing coronary angiography or intervention. CI-AKI was defined as an increase ≥0.3 mg/dL or > 50% in serum creatinine from baseline within 48 h post-procedure. Mean follow-up was 2.26 years. Results: Overall, the patients had a CI-AKI incidence was 3.6% (38/1042), mean serum creatinine of 87 μmol/L. Compared with Mehran risk score, post-procedural early absolute increase (AUC: 0.584 vs. 0.706, P = 0.060) and relative increase (AUC: 0.585 vs. 0.706, P = 0.058) in cystatin C had poorer predictive value for CIAKI. According to multivariate analysis, post-procedural significant early increase (≥0.3 mg/dL or ≥10%) in cystatin C developed in 231 patients (22.2%), was not independent predictor of CI-AKI (adjusted OR: 1.23, 95% CI, 0.56-2.69, P = 0.612), and long-term mortality (adjusted HR: 0.90; P = 0.838). Conclusions: Our data suggested post-procedural early increase (within 24 h) in cystatin C was not effective for predicting CI-AKI or all-cause mortality following coronary angiography or intervention among patients at relative low risk of CI-AKI, the negative finding of poor predictive value should be further evaluated in larger multicenter trials.
- Contrast-induced acute kidney injury
- Coronary angiography
- Cystatin C
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
ASJC Scopus subject areas