Predictors of hepatitis knowledge improvement among methadone maintained clients enrolled in a hepatitis intervention program

Adeline Nyamathi, Darlene Tyler, Karabi Sinha, Mary Marfisee, Allan Cohen, Barbara Greengold

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

This randomized, controlled study (n = 256) was conducted to compare three interventions designed to promote hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination completion, among clients undergoing methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) in Los Angeles and Santa Monica. The participants were randomized into three groups: Motivational Interviewing-Single Session (MI-Single), Motivational Interviewing-Group (MI-Group), or Nurse-Led Hepatitis Health Promotion (HHP). All three treatment groups received the 3-series HAV/HBV vaccine. The MI sessions were provided by trained therapists, the Nurse-Led HHP sessions were delivered by a research nurse. The main outcome variable of interest was improvement in HBV and HCV knowledge, measured by a 6-item HBV and a 7-item HCV knowledge and attitude tool that was administered at baseline and at 6-month follow-up. The study results showed that there was a significant increase in HBV- and HCV-related knowledge across all three groups (p < 0.0001). There were no significant differences found with respect to knowledge acquisition among the groups. Irrespective of treatment group, gender (P = 0.008), study site (P < 0.0001) and whether a participant was abused as a child (P = 0.017) were all found to be predictors of HCV knowledge improvement; only recruitment site (P < 0.0001) was found to be a predictor of HBV knowledge. The authors concluded that, although MI-Single, MI-Group and Nurse-Led HHP are all effective in promoting HBV and HCV knowledge acquisition among MMT clients, Nurse-Led HHP may be the method of choice for this population as it may be easier to integrate and with additional investigation may prove to be more cost efficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)423-432
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hepatitis knowledge
  • Methadone maintenance
  • Nursing intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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