Predictors of the peer acceptance of children with diabetes: Social behavior and disease severity

Melissa A. Alderfer, Deborah J. Wiebe, Donald P. Hartmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. Investigated illness severity (medical control, disease impact, obviousness) and social behavior style as predictors of the peer acceptance of children with diabetes. Method. Sixty-five children (10-12.5 years old) with diabetes and their parents, teachers, and physicians participated. Physician ratings and laboratory tests indicated medical control. Parents and children reported disease impact and teachers rated disease obviousness. Children and teachers rated social behavior. Teachers reported peer acceptance. Results. Consistent with hypotheses, favorable social behavior positively predicted acceptance and disease impact negatively predicted acceptance; medical control did not relate to acceptance. Disease obviousness and social behavior interacted to predict acceptance. Children with more obvious disease were not stigmatized by unfavorable social behavior. Conclusions. Aspects of disease severity and social behavior influence peer acceptance and may be appropriate predictors and targets for remediation of peer problems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-130
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2002

Keywords

  • Children
  • Chronic illness
  • Diabetes
  • Disease severity
  • Peer acceptance
  • Social behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology

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