1. To evaluate the effectiveness of carnitine administration in aiding the elimination of pivalate liberated from pivampicillin, studies were undertaken on seven paediatric patients treated for 7 days with combined pivampicillin and molar excess of carnitine. 2. A 22-fold increase occurred in urinary carnitine ester excretion on the last day of treatment (2967±604 versus 134±50μmol/day, p<0.05); the pivaloylcarnitine was identified with 13C-n.m.r. Only pivalate was detected in the urinary carnitine ester g.l.c. profile, the amount of this ester was equal to 92% of the daily pivalate intake. 3. The renal clearance rate of carnitine esters significantly exceeded that of creatinine indicating that the carnitine ester was eliminated by active transport. 4. The plasma concentration and urinary output of free carnitine were not changed significantly by the treatment, and the free and esterified carnitine concentrations in red cells remained unchanged indicating that carnitine deficiency was prevented.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis