Pregnancy outcome and fetomaternal hemorrhage after noncatastrophic trauma

Thomas M. Goodwin, Michael T. Breen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

134 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two hundred five consecutive cases of noncatastrophic trauma occurring during the second half of pregnancy were evaluated prospectively. Pregnancy complications as a result of trauma occurred in 18 of 205 patients (8.8%): premature labor (n = 10), placental separation (n = 5), fetal injury (n = 1), and fetal death (n = 2). Multiple regression analysis of the data base showed obstetric findings (contractions, uterine tenderness, and bleeding) on presentation to be highly associated with complications ( 17 88; 19.3%). In their absence complications were rare ( 1 117; 0.9%). Detectable fetomaternal hemorrhage was significantly more common in trauma patients ( 18 205) than in control subjects ( 2 110) (p < 0.01), but its role in managing trauma patients was limited to detection of rare massive hemorrhage ( 1 205) and detection of rare hemorrhage exceeding that covered by the standard Rho (D) immune globulin dose ( 2 205). Fetomaternal hemorrhage need not be quantitated in patients who lack obstetric findings on presentation. Despite rare reports of delayed abruptio placentae, it is doubtful that prolonged observation (greater than 2 to 3 hours) in the hospital is necessary in patients who lack obstetric findings on initial presentation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-671
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Volume162
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1990

Keywords

  • Pregnancy
  • fetomaternal hemorrhage
  • trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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