Between December 1988 and August 1992, 68 patients with adenocarcinoma (n = 39) and squamous carcinoma (n = 29) of the esophagus were entered prospectively in a treatment protocol to receive two cycles of cisplatin, 5-fluorouracil, etoposide, leucovorin, and 3,000 cGy of radiation to the involved esophagus and adjacent mediastinum, followed by resection. There were four deaths during chemotherapy, and 7 patients had a decline in condition or were denied operation. Fifty-six patients have come to operation, and 1 awaits resection. Twentytwo patients had transhiatal esophagectomy and 29 patients had esophagogastrostomy with a combined abdominal and right thoracic approach. Five patients did not undergo resection at operation. There was one hospital death (2%). A complete response to preoperative therapy was seen in 12 patients (21%): 5 of 20 with squamous cancer (25%) and 7 of 36 with adenocarcinoma (19%). Average follow-up is 19 months. Median survival in these patients after entrance in the protocol is 24 months. Actuarial survival at 12, 18, and 24 months is 72% (confidence limits, 66% and 78%), 53% (confidence limits, 46% and 60%), and 51% (confidence limits, 44% and 58%). Significantly better survival was associated with adenocarcinoma (p = 0.041). There is no survival advantage based on complete response to preoperative therapy. This neoadjuvant regimen is effective in patients with squamous carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. These preliminary results demonstrate an improved median and actuarial survival compared with historical controls in 137 patients operated on between 1966 and 1985 at our institution.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine