Prenatal diagnosis and cesarean section in a large, population-based birth defects registry

A. P. Case, L. R. Colpitts, P. H. Langlois, A. E. Scheuerle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective.To describe the patterns of cesarean section (CS) and vaginal delivery by type of birth defect and determine whether prenatal diagnosis predicts a higher or lower likelihood of CS for selected defect categories. Methods.Data from a large population-based registry were analyzed to determine percentages of vaginal versus CS delivery for each of 49 categories of birth defects. Odds ratios and statistical significance were computed to determine if a record of prenatal diagnosis (PND) predicted delivery mode. Cases were liveborn children with any of these defects born in Texas between 1997 and 2005. Results.Forty-three percent of infants in the study were delivered by CS, with a range of 25.3% (aniridia) to 62.4% (spina bifida). A record of prenatal diagnosis of the primary assigned birth defect was found in 43.0% of all records but varied substantially by defect category. PND significantly predicted higher CS percentages for spina bifida without anencephaly, encephalocele, hydrocephaly, transposition of the great vessels, ventricular septal defect, pulmonary valve atresia/stenosis, craniosynostosis, diaphragmatic hernia, gastroschisis, and trisomy 21. Vaginal delivery was predicted by PND of anencephaly, agenesis, aplasia, or hypoplasia of the lung, renal agenesis or dysgenesis, and trisomy 18. Conclusion.Texas children with birth defects are more likely to have been delivered by CS than the population in general. For several types of defects, prenatal diagnosis is predictive of higher odds of CS; for others, especially fatal defects, PND predicts lower CS likelihood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-402
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2012

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Prenatal Diagnosis
Cesarean Section
Registries
Population
Aniridia
Gastroschisis
Anencephaly
Pulmonary Atresia
Encephalocele
Craniosynostoses
Transposition of Great Vessels
Spinal Dysraphism
Pulmonary Valve Stenosis
Diaphragmatic Hernia
Ventricular Heart Septal Defects
Hydrocephalus
Down Syndrome
Odds Ratio

Keywords

  • cesarean section
  • Congenital anomalies
  • prenatal diagnosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

Prenatal diagnosis and cesarean section in a large, population-based birth defects registry. / Case, A. P.; Colpitts, L. R.; Langlois, P. H.; Scheuerle, A. E.

In: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, Vol. 25, No. 4, 04.2012, p. 395-402.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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