Preoperative hydronephrosis is associated with less decline in renal function after radical nephroureterectomy for upper tract urothelial carcinoma

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Abstract

Introduction: To compare renal function changes after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) based on the presence of preoperative hydronephrosis. Materials and methods: Clinicopathologic data of 208 patients with UTUC treated surgically from 1998 to 2013 were compiled. Patients with bilateral disease, less than 1 month follow up, missing hydronephrosis data, or who underwent nephron-sparing approaches were excluded. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated preoperatively, at first follow up (within 3 months) and at last follow up using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. Events were defined as new-onset stage III chronic kidney disease (CKD) or worsening of CKD stage in preexisting CKD. Kaplan- Meier event-free survival was assessed. Cox regression was performed to identify predictors of events. Results: A total of 132 patients were analyzed, including 62 (47.0%) with hydronephrosis. Median follow up was 28.6 months. Patients with hydronephrosis had larger tumors (p = 0.045) and higher pathologic stage (p = 0.010) than those without hydronephrosis. Baseline eGFR was comparable between groups (p = 0.088). Patients without hydronephrosis experienced greater declines in eGFR following surgery (p < 0.001) and higher event rates at first (42.8% versus 24.2%, p = 0.028) and last (54.2% versus 30.6%, p = 0.008) follow up. On Cox regression, hydronephrosis predicted lower event likelihood in the long term (univariate HR 0.54, p = 0.033), while ureteral tumor location predicted lower event likelihood in the short term (HR 0.52, p = 0.030). Conclusions: Patients with hydronephrosis undergoing RNU for UTUC experience less decline in renal function than those without hydronephrosis. Given the prevalence of renal dysfunction in patients with UTUC, our results may help inform preoperative counseling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8334-8341
Number of pages8
JournalCanadian Journal of Urology
Volume23
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2016

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Hydronephrosis
Carcinoma
Kidney
Glomerular Filtration Rate
Chronic Renal Insufficiency
Diet Therapy
Nephrons
Disease-Free Survival
Counseling
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • Hydronephrosis
  • Radical nephroureterectomy
  • Renal function
  • Upper tract urothelial carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Urology

Cite this

@article{115cf936de9c477f8418c3e7134fcdcf,
title = "Preoperative hydronephrosis is associated with less decline in renal function after radical nephroureterectomy for upper tract urothelial carcinoma",
abstract = "Introduction: To compare renal function changes after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) based on the presence of preoperative hydronephrosis. Materials and methods: Clinicopathologic data of 208 patients with UTUC treated surgically from 1998 to 2013 were compiled. Patients with bilateral disease, less than 1 month follow up, missing hydronephrosis data, or who underwent nephron-sparing approaches were excluded. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated preoperatively, at first follow up (within 3 months) and at last follow up using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. Events were defined as new-onset stage III chronic kidney disease (CKD) or worsening of CKD stage in preexisting CKD. Kaplan- Meier event-free survival was assessed. Cox regression was performed to identify predictors of events. Results: A total of 132 patients were analyzed, including 62 (47.0{\%}) with hydronephrosis. Median follow up was 28.6 months. Patients with hydronephrosis had larger tumors (p = 0.045) and higher pathologic stage (p = 0.010) than those without hydronephrosis. Baseline eGFR was comparable between groups (p = 0.088). Patients without hydronephrosis experienced greater declines in eGFR following surgery (p < 0.001) and higher event rates at first (42.8{\%} versus 24.2{\%}, p = 0.028) and last (54.2{\%} versus 30.6{\%}, p = 0.008) follow up. On Cox regression, hydronephrosis predicted lower event likelihood in the long term (univariate HR 0.54, p = 0.033), while ureteral tumor location predicted lower event likelihood in the short term (HR 0.52, p = 0.030). Conclusions: Patients with hydronephrosis undergoing RNU for UTUC experience less decline in renal function than those without hydronephrosis. Given the prevalence of renal dysfunction in patients with UTUC, our results may help inform preoperative counseling.",
keywords = "Hydronephrosis, Radical nephroureterectomy, Renal function, Upper tract urothelial carcinoma",
author = "Nirmish Singla and Hutchinson, {Ryan Craig} and Ahmed Haddad and Sagalowsky, {Arthur I} and Yair Lotan and Vitaly Margulis",
year = "2016",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "23",
pages = "8334--8341",
journal = "The Canadian journal of urology",
issn = "1195-9479",
publisher = "Canadian Journal of Urology",
number = "4",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Preoperative hydronephrosis is associated with less decline in renal function after radical nephroureterectomy for upper tract urothelial carcinoma

AU - Singla, Nirmish

AU - Hutchinson, Ryan Craig

AU - Haddad, Ahmed

AU - Sagalowsky, Arthur I

AU - Lotan, Yair

AU - Margulis, Vitaly

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Introduction: To compare renal function changes after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) based on the presence of preoperative hydronephrosis. Materials and methods: Clinicopathologic data of 208 patients with UTUC treated surgically from 1998 to 2013 were compiled. Patients with bilateral disease, less than 1 month follow up, missing hydronephrosis data, or who underwent nephron-sparing approaches were excluded. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated preoperatively, at first follow up (within 3 months) and at last follow up using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. Events were defined as new-onset stage III chronic kidney disease (CKD) or worsening of CKD stage in preexisting CKD. Kaplan- Meier event-free survival was assessed. Cox regression was performed to identify predictors of events. Results: A total of 132 patients were analyzed, including 62 (47.0%) with hydronephrosis. Median follow up was 28.6 months. Patients with hydronephrosis had larger tumors (p = 0.045) and higher pathologic stage (p = 0.010) than those without hydronephrosis. Baseline eGFR was comparable between groups (p = 0.088). Patients without hydronephrosis experienced greater declines in eGFR following surgery (p < 0.001) and higher event rates at first (42.8% versus 24.2%, p = 0.028) and last (54.2% versus 30.6%, p = 0.008) follow up. On Cox regression, hydronephrosis predicted lower event likelihood in the long term (univariate HR 0.54, p = 0.033), while ureteral tumor location predicted lower event likelihood in the short term (HR 0.52, p = 0.030). Conclusions: Patients with hydronephrosis undergoing RNU for UTUC experience less decline in renal function than those without hydronephrosis. Given the prevalence of renal dysfunction in patients with UTUC, our results may help inform preoperative counseling.

AB - Introduction: To compare renal function changes after radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) in patients with upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) based on the presence of preoperative hydronephrosis. Materials and methods: Clinicopathologic data of 208 patients with UTUC treated surgically from 1998 to 2013 were compiled. Patients with bilateral disease, less than 1 month follow up, missing hydronephrosis data, or who underwent nephron-sparing approaches were excluded. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated preoperatively, at first follow up (within 3 months) and at last follow up using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation. Events were defined as new-onset stage III chronic kidney disease (CKD) or worsening of CKD stage in preexisting CKD. Kaplan- Meier event-free survival was assessed. Cox regression was performed to identify predictors of events. Results: A total of 132 patients were analyzed, including 62 (47.0%) with hydronephrosis. Median follow up was 28.6 months. Patients with hydronephrosis had larger tumors (p = 0.045) and higher pathologic stage (p = 0.010) than those without hydronephrosis. Baseline eGFR was comparable between groups (p = 0.088). Patients without hydronephrosis experienced greater declines in eGFR following surgery (p < 0.001) and higher event rates at first (42.8% versus 24.2%, p = 0.028) and last (54.2% versus 30.6%, p = 0.008) follow up. On Cox regression, hydronephrosis predicted lower event likelihood in the long term (univariate HR 0.54, p = 0.033), while ureteral tumor location predicted lower event likelihood in the short term (HR 0.52, p = 0.030). Conclusions: Patients with hydronephrosis undergoing RNU for UTUC experience less decline in renal function than those without hydronephrosis. Given the prevalence of renal dysfunction in patients with UTUC, our results may help inform preoperative counseling.

KW - Hydronephrosis

KW - Radical nephroureterectomy

KW - Renal function

KW - Upper tract urothelial carcinoma

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