In this randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study, we evaluated the effects of preoperative IV parecoxib sodium (parecoxib) followed by postoperative oral valdecoxib on length of stay, resource utilization, opioid-related side effects, and patient recovery after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were randomized to receive a single IV dose of parecoxib 40 mg (n = 134) or placebo (n = 129) 30-45 min before the induction of anesthesia. Six to 12 h after the IV dose, the parecoxib group received a single oral dose of valdecoxib 40 mg, followed by valdecoxib 40 mg once daily on postoperative Days 1-4 and then 40 mg once daily as needed on Days 5-7. Patients in the parecoxib/valdecoxib group had a shorter length of stay in the postanesthesia care unit (78 ± 47 min) compared with those taking placebo (90 ± 49 min; P < 0.05). Patients in the parecoxib/valdecoxib group also had reduced pain intensity and, after discharge, experienced a significant reduction in vomiting in the first 24 h, slept better, returned to normal activity earlier, and expressed greater satisfaction than placebo patients (P < 0.05). Preoperative parecoxib followed by postoperative valdecoxib is a valuable adjunct for treating pain and improving patient outcome after laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Anesthesia and analgesia|
|State||Published - Jun 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine