Objective It is unclear if preresidency and/or residency research work impacts academic neurosurgery placement post residency. The goal of this study is to evaluate the impact that preresidency and residency research publication has on attaining academic faculty positions. Methods Alumni information was collected from 65 of the 108 (60%) neurosurgery residency websites. Graduates from these programs between 2005 and 2015 (n = 949) were analyzed to determine factors associated with an academic career. Information on publications, citations, and H-index were obtained from Web of Science. Current position was designated as academic if the physician had a teaching position at a university hospital and private if the physician was not affiliated with a university hospital. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with academic faculty positions post residency. Results Of the 949 physicians included in the analysis, 339 (36%) were in academic positions, 518 (55%) in private practice, and 92 (10%) were still in training. More than a fifth (212, or 22%) of physicians performed a research fellowship (8.2%) or attained a Ph.D. (14.1%) during medical school. Among those who had completed training, an academic career was associated with having 2 or more publications during residency (odds ratio [OR] [95% confidence interval, CI]: 3.87 [1.59–9.45]; P < 0.003), H-index ≥ 2 during residency (OR [95% CI]: 2.32 [1.40–1.69]; P < 0.0001) and having devoted research time before residency (OR [95% CI]: 1.56 [1.10–2.22]; P < 0.012). Notably, publications before residency were not an independent indicator of academic placement. Conclusions These findings may help guide residency programs to identify and/or cultivate neurosurgeons to become academic neurosurgeons.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology