The presenilin proteins are components of high-molecular-weight protein complexes in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus that also contain β-catenin. We report here that presenilin mutations associated with familial Alzheimer disease (but not the non-pathogenic Glu318Gly polymorphism) alter the intracellular trafficking of β-catenin after activation of the Wnt/β- catenin signal transduction pathway. As with their effect on βAPP processing, the effect of PS1 mutations on trafficking of β-catenin arises from a dominant 'gain of aberrant function' activity. These results indicate that mistrafficking of selected presenilin ligands is a candidate mechanism for the genesis of Alzheimer disease associated with presenilin mutations, and that dysfunction in the presenilin-β-catenin protein complexes is central to this process.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)