Presurgical intravenous parecoxib sodium and follow-up oral valdecoxib for pain management after laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery reduces opioid requirements and opioid-related adverse effects

T. J. Gan, G. P. Joshi, S. Z. Zhao, D. B. Hanna, R. Y. Cheung, C. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Opioids are associated with numerous adverse effects. It is unclear if reduced postoperative opioid consumption lowers the incidence and severity of opioid-related adverse effects. This analysis - from a multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial - tested if the reduction of opioid consumption among patients who received intravenous preoperative parecoxib 40 mg, followed by oral valdecoxib 40 mg qd postoperatively, in Days 1-4 after outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery, reduced opioid-related symptoms. Methods: Patients received intravenous fentanyl for pain before discharge, and oral acetaminophen 500 mg hydrocodone 5 mg q 4 -6 h prn postdischarge for up to 7 days postsurgery. Patients also received intravenous parecoxib 40 mg administered 30-45 min preoperatively, and valdecoxib 40 mg qd up to Day 4 and prn Days 5-7 postsurgery, or placebo. Patients completed an opioid-related Symptoms Distress Scale (SDS) questionnaire every 24 h for 7 days. Opioid use was converted to morphine-equivalent doses (MEDs). Clinically meaningful events (CMEs) for 12 opioid-related symptoms were assessed by three ordinal measures: frequency, severity, and bothersomeness. Reduction of CMEs on Day 1 and number of patient-days with CMEs on Days 1-4 were examined. Results: Cumulative MEDs on Day 0, Day 1, and Days 1-4 were significantly lower in the parecoxib/valdecoxib group compared with the placebo group (P < 0.001). At the end of Day 1, parecoxib/valdecoxib-treated patients had significantly lower SDS scores (P < 0.02), a significantly reduced incidence of CMEs (P < 0.05), and significantly fewer patient-days with CMEs in Days 1-4 than placebo patients (P < 0.05). Patients in the parecoxib/valdecoxib group were less likely to have CMEs for multiple symptoms than those in the placebo group (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Treatment with parecoxib and valdecoxib significantly reduced the cumulative MED requirements, the incidence of opioid-related adverse effects, and patient-days with CMEs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1194-1207
Number of pages14
JournalActa Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume48
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004

Keywords

  • Laparoscopic cholecystectomy
  • Opioid sparing
  • Parecoxib
  • Valdecoxib

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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