Prevalence and ethnicity of sleep-disordered breathing and obesity in children

Emily F. Rudnick, Jonathan S. Walsh, Mark C. Hampton, Ron B. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the prevalence of obesity in children with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) who undergo adenotonsillectomy to that in the general pediatric population. Design: Cross-sectional controlled study. Methods: A body-mass-index (BMI-for-age) percentile was determined for children with SDB and for matched controls from a general pediatric clinic. Children who were obese (>85th %) were analyzed. Groups were compared using a t test or χ 2 analysis. Risk factors were estimated with logistic regression. Results: The study population included 299 children, of whom 170 (56.9%) had SDB. Compared with controls, more children with SDB were obese (46% vs 33%, P = 0.029) or underweight (8% vs 3%, P = 0.110), and fewer children with SDB were healthy weight (46% vs 64%, P = 0.002). Among African American children, those who were obese were more likely to have SDB (OR, 2.22, P < 0.01). Conclusions: Children with SDB who undergo adenotonsillectomy are more likely to be obese than children seen in a general pediatric clinic. African American children who are obese are more likely to have SDB.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)878-882
Number of pages5
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume137
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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