Introduction: There is limited data regarding lung transplant (LT) outcomes among recipients of donors with a history of cocaine use. We sought to assess the burden of cocaine abuse among LT donors, describe their characteristics, and evaluate the association with post-transplant outcomes. Methods: From the United Network for Organ Sharing database, we included adult patients (age ≥18 years) who underwent LT between 1996 and 2014 (N = 20,106; mean age 53.7 ± 13 years; male: 57%). Study groups were divided based on the donor history of recent cocaine abuse (last 6 months). Donor and recipient characteristics were compared between the 2 groups. With 1-year survival as the primary endpoint, multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess for an independent association with the donor history of cocaine use. Results: The overall frequency of donors with any history of cocaine use was 10.9% (n = 2189), although less than half were current users (n = 1001, 4.98%). Unadjusted 1-year survival was worse among recipients of donors with current cocaine use, although it did not achieve statistical significance (84.4% vs 82.2%; odds ratio 1.17, 95% confidence interval 0.99-1.38; P = .07). After adjusting for potential confounders, the current use of cocaine was not associated with 1-year survival (adjusted OR 1.06, 95% CI 0.95-1.18; P = .29). Conclusions: A significant proportion of lung donors have a history of cocaine abuse. Although unadjusted early outcomes appear to worsen among recipients of active cocaine users, an independent association was not seen with 1-year survival. The current analysis supports the continued use of donors with a history of cocaine abuse, assuming they meet other criteria for organ quality.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2021|
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