Prevalence of anaemia among adolescent girls in the urban slums of Vellore, south India

Abha Choudhary, Prabhakar D. Moses, Premkumar Mony, Mathews Mathai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence of anaemia among unmarried, adolescent south Indian girls in an urban slum setting. A total of 100 apparently healthy girls between the ages of 11 and 18 years were recruited. Their socioeconomic, dietary and anthropometric information was collected, and blood haemoglobin (Hb) was estimated. The prevalence of anaemia (Hb<12 g%) was 29%. Most had mild anaemia; severe anaemia was not seen. Two-thirds of those with anaemia had low serum ferritin (<12 μg/L). Significant associations were observed between anaemia and low socioeconomic status, religion and reporting infrequent/non-consumption of meat (heme iron). Only meat consumption was related to haemoglobin by multiple regression analysis. Anaemia is a common problem among adolescent girls in this setting, though severe anaemia is rare. There is a need to improve their haemoglobin status through dietary modification along with preventive supplementation and nutrition education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-169
Number of pages3
JournalTropical Doctor
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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