Prevalence of coronary artery disease, ischemic stroke, and symptomatic peripheral arterial disease and of associated risk factors in older men and women with and without diabetes mellitus

J. Ness, W. S. Aronow, C. Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The authors performed a retrospective analysis of the prevalence of coronary artery disease, ischemic stroke, and symptomatic peripheral arterial disease and of associated risk factors in 99 men (mean age 79±8 years) with diabetes mellitus vs. 368 men (mean age 81±8 years) without diabetes mellitus, and in 260 women (mean age 80±8 years) with diabetes mellitus vs. 1184 women (mean age 81±8 years) without diabetes mellitus. All patients were seen in an academic outpatient geriatrics practice. Diabetic men had a higher prevalence of coronary artery disease, ischemic stroke, and symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (p<0.0001); a higher prevalence of smoking (p=0.023), hypertension (p<0.0001), and obesity (p=0.0007); higher levels of serum total and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (p<0.0001) and triglycerides (p=0.003); and lower levels of serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol (p=0.0001) than men without diabetes mellitus. Diabetic women had a higher prevalence of coronary artery disease, ischemic stroke, and symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (p<0.0001); a higher prevalence of hypertension and obesity (p<0.0001); higher levels of serum total and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (p=0.0001) and triglycerides (p=0.005); and lower levels of serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol (p=0.0001) than women without diabetes mellitus. (C) 2000 by CHF, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)160-163
Number of pages4
JournalPreventive Cardiology
Volume3
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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