Prevalence of periodontal disease in patients with Sjögren's syndrome

Michael P. Najera, Ibtisam Al-Hashimi, Jacqueline M. Plemons, Francisco Rivera-Hidalgo, Terry D. Rees, Nasser Haghighat, John M. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

The periodontal status of 25 patients with Sjögren's syndrome was compared with that of an age-, sex-, and race-matched healthy controls. Clinical evaluation included determination of number of teeth, decayed/missing/filled surfaces, probing pocket depth, clinical attachment level, plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, and measurement of alveolar bone level (examined with radiography). Results of the study suggest that patients with Sjögren's syndrome have a significantly higher plaque index score (p < 0.005), higher decayed/missing/filled surfaces scores (p < 0.05), increased alveolar bone loss (p < 0.05), deeper clinical attachment level (p < 0.05), and increased cementoenamel junction-alveolar bone crest distance (p < 0.005). Although no significant difference was found in the number of cases of "established periodontitis" between the Sjögren's syndrome and controls, odds ratio analysis suggests that patients with Sjögren's syndrome are at 2.2 times higher risk of having adult periodontitis than healthy controls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)453-457
Number of pages5
JournalOral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics
Volume83
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)

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