Prevalence of podiatric medical problems in veterans versus nonveterans

Naohiro Shibuya, Daniel C. Jupiter, Louis J. Ciliberti, Vincent Vanburen, Javier la Fontaine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Lower-extremity pathologic abnormalities have been common in military recruits for many years. Many of these conditions can become chronic and persist even after retiring from military service. We hypothesized that certain foot abnormalities are more prevalent in veterans versus nonveterans. The purpose of this study was to evaluate what foot and ankle disorders are associated with veteran status while controlling for other demographic factors. Methods: The National Health Interview Survey (Podiatry Supplement) from 1990 was used for this secondary data analysis. The data were divided into veterans and nonveterans, and the prevalence of podiatric medical problems, including callus, flatfoot deformity, bunion deformity, hammer toe deformity, arthritis, and sprain, was evaluated for each group. Results: Flatfoot deformity and arthritis were significantly more prevalent in veterans versus nonveterans in the United States. Bunion deformity was significantly more prevalent in male veterans than in male nonveterans. Male veterans were less likely than male nonveterans to have sprains, and female veterans were more likely than their nonveteran counterparts to have sprains. Conclusions: These results may help us understand the potential risk factors for podiatric medical problems and may be used for formulating prevention programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-330
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Volume101
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Podiatry

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