Background: Infection control data from psychiatric units and clinics are limited. Methods: This time series study was designed to determine the prevalence and risk factors for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) colonization and/or infection among 500 men and women on admission to psychiatric units at The Johns Hopkins Hospital. Discharge surveillance was conducted to measure incidence. Molecular characterization was performed. Results: Five hundred subjects (52% male) were enrolled. The prevalence of MRSA colonization was 5.2% (26 of 498). Seven of 29 patients (24.1%) admitted with a skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) was MRSA-positive; 4 of these patients had no other positive site, raising the total admission prevalence to 6.0%. A history of abscess (current or within the past 6 months) on admission (odds ratio [OR], 6.06; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.40-15.31; P < .001), HIV infection (OR, 4.03; 95% CI, 1.52-10.71; P = .005), previous isolation (OR, 5.03; 95% CI, 1.76-14.35; P = .003), and unknown history of isolation (OR, 4.10; 95% CI, 1.41-11.98; P = .01) were associated with increased odds of MRSA colonization. Seven (2.6%) new MRSA colonizations were identified at discharge. Molecular analysis identified USA300 clonal MRSA isolates. Conclusions: The prevalence of MRSA colonization in this study population was greater than reported in the general population. Further studies are needed to identify transmission dynamics in this environment.
- Infection control
- Mental health
- Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureas
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases