Prevention and treatment of upper airway obstruction in infants and children

Deborah L. Lerner, J. Julio Pérez Fontán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


This review examines some of the recent advances made in the prevention and treatment of upper airway obstruction in infancy and childhood. In some instances, the advances are the result of experimental studies that corroborate or refute therapeutic notions that had been adopted prematurely. Studies performed in the past few years, for instance, have demonstrated that both systemic and local corticosteroid treatments are indeed effective in the treatment of viral croup. In contrast, other studies carried out in the same period raise doubts about the usefulness of these medications in the prevention of postextubation laryngeal edema. In other instances, the advances are the result of pioneering efforts to correct anatomical defects, usually congenital, that cause severe airway obstruction. Tracheal and laryngeal stenoses and craniofacial deformities, which only 5 years ago would have been palliated by tracheotomy, undergo now routine primary correction. Despite all these advances, upper airway obstruction remains an important source of morbidity and mortality in early childhood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-270
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Opinion in Pediatrics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1998


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this