Prevention of acute cyclosporine-induced renal blood flow inhibition and improved immunosuppression with verapamil

I. Dawidson, P. Rooth, W. R. Fry, Z. Sandor, C. Willms, L. Coorpender, C. Alway, J. Reisch

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88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pretreatment with calcium antagonists such as verapamil (VP) and isradipine prevents CsA-induced decrease in renal microcirculation in mice. Recently, in posttransplant cadaver renal transplant (CRT) recipients, we demonstrated a CsA-induced 70% reduction in renal parenchymal diastolic blood flow velocity (PDBFV). Using duplex Doppler scanning, this randomized study of forty CRT patients examines the effect of pretreatment with VP on renal blood flow velocity and posttransplant function. Patients with initially low PDBFV (< 8.0 cm/sec) who received VP therapy prior to administration of CsA experienced prompt restoration of flow, and continued to improve during CsA administration. With CsA alone, PDBFV diminished from 8.9 ± 2.4 (SD) to 5.3 ± 2.7 cm/sec (P < 0.002). Although blood CsA levels were significantly higher at 1, 4, and 7 days (68, 184, and 235 ng/ml, respectively), after CsA induction, during VP treatment than in control patients (39, 105, and 156 ng/ml, respectively) (P < 0.001), with the same daily doses of CsA, serum creatinines at day 7 were lower during VP treatment (1.28 ± 0.44 vs. 1.66 ± 0.44 mg%) than in controls (P < 0.01). When the glomerular filtration rate was less than 45 ml/min on day 1, VP-treated patients showed greater improvement in GFR at day 7 by 34.1 ± 10.9 ml/min compared with the 18 ± 13 ml/min in controls (P < 0.02). Only 3 of the 22 VP patients had rejection episodes within 4 weeks, versus 10 of the 18 recipients randomized to no drug (P < 0.005). We conclude that VP is beneficial in CRT because it improves renal blood flow characteristics and prevents CsA-induced inhibition of blood flow. VP also ameliorates CsA-induced acute nephrotoxicity, and is associated with improved immunosuppression and fewer early rejections.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-580
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume48
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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    Dawidson, I., Rooth, P., Fry, W. R., Sandor, Z., Willms, C., Coorpender, L., Alway, C., & Reisch, J. (1989). Prevention of acute cyclosporine-induced renal blood flow inhibition and improved immunosuppression with verapamil. Transplantation, 48(4), 575-580.