Prevention of hepatocellular carcinoma: Potential targets, experimental models, and clinical challenges

Yujin Hoshida, Bryan C. Fuchs, Kenneth K. Tanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chronic fibrotic liver diseases such as viral hepatitis eventually develop liver cirrhosis, which causes occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Given the limited therapeutic efficacy in advanced HCC, prevention of HCC development could be an effective strategy for improving patient prognosis. However, there is still no established therapy to meet the goal. Studies have elucidated a wide variety of molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways involved in HCC development. Genetically-engineered or chemically-treated experimental models of cirrhosis and HCC have been developed and shown their potential value in investigating molecular therapeutic targets and diagnostic biomarkers for HCC prevention. In this review, we overview potential targets of prevention and currently available experimental models, and discuss strategies to translate the findings into clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1129-1159
Number of pages31
JournalCurrent Cancer Drug Targets
Volume12
Issue number9
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Animal model
  • Chemoprevention
  • Clinical trial
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Liver cirrhosis
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Cancer Research

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