Prevention of muscular dystrophy in mice by CRISPR/Cas9-mediated editing of germline DNA

Chengzu Long, John R. McAnally, John M. Shelton, Alex A. Mireault, Rhonda Bassel-Duby, Eric N. Olson

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Abstract

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an inherited X-linked disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding dystrophin, a protein required for muscle fiber integrity. DMD is characterized by progressive muscle weakness and a shortened life span, and there is no effective treatment.We used clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat/Cas9 (CRISPR/Cas9)-mediated genome editing to correct the dystrophin gene (Dmd) mutation in thegermlineof mdxmice, amodel for DMD, and thenmonitored muscle structure and function. Genome editing produced genetically mosaic animals containing 2 to 100% correction of the Dmd gene.The degree of muscle phenotypic rescue in mosaic mice exceeded the efficiency of gene correction, likely reflecting an advantage of the corrected cells and their contribution to regenerating muscle.With the anticipated technological advances that will facilitate genome editing of postnatal somatic cells, this strategymay one day allowcorrection of disease-causing mutations in the muscle tissue of patients with DMD. Copyright

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Medicine(all)

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