Preventive healthcare for underserved women

Results of a prison survey

Ank E. Nijhawan, Rachel Salloway, Amy S. Nunn, Michael Poshkus, Jennifer G. Clarke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: We sought to determine the preventive healthcare needs of incarcerated women in the following areas: cervical cancer and breast cancer screening, sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening, hepatitis screening and vaccination, and smoking cessation. Methods: A cross-sectional interview survey of a random sample of 100 incarcerated women at the Rhode Island Department of Corrections (RIDOC) in Cranston, Rhode Island, was conducted. Results: Participants were 62% white, 11% African American, 13% Hispanic, and 14% of mixed race. Mean age was 35 years. Of those surveyed, 67% reported having had a Papanicolou (Pap) smear in the past year, the strongest predictor of which was having received a Pap smear while incarcerated. Of the inmates >40 years old, 58% reported having had a mammogram in the past 2 years. The majority (88%) reported testing for STIs in the past, and 39% desired testing during their current incarceration. As for hepatitis C, 70% had been tested previously and 37% of those reported testing positive. Hispanics were less likely than whites to have been tested for hepatitis C (OR 0.1). Over half (54%) of the women who reported testing positive for hepatitis C also reported having completed the hepatitis A and B vaccine series. Among smokers (80% of all survey participants), 61% were interested in quitting. Those who had been incarcerated multiple times were less likely to want to quit smoking (OR 0.1). Conclusions: Incarceration presents a unique opportunity to provide preventive healthcare to high-risk, medically underserved women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-22
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Fingerprint

Prisons
Hepatitis C
Delivery of Health Care
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Hispanic Americans
Breast Neoplasms
Smoking Cessation
Early Detection of Cancer
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
African Americans
Hepatitis
Vaccination
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Interviews
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Preventive healthcare for underserved women : Results of a prison survey. / Nijhawan, Ank E.; Salloway, Rachel; Nunn, Amy S.; Poshkus, Michael; Clarke, Jennifer G.

In: Journal of Women's Health, Vol. 19, No. 1, 01.01.2010, p. 17-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nijhawan, Ank E. ; Salloway, Rachel ; Nunn, Amy S. ; Poshkus, Michael ; Clarke, Jennifer G. / Preventive healthcare for underserved women : Results of a prison survey. In: Journal of Women's Health. 2010 ; Vol. 19, No. 1. pp. 17-22.
@article{178d0c7fcbc44a62ad1dcde8f68f1e8c,
title = "Preventive healthcare for underserved women: Results of a prison survey",
abstract = "Objectives: We sought to determine the preventive healthcare needs of incarcerated women in the following areas: cervical cancer and breast cancer screening, sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening, hepatitis screening and vaccination, and smoking cessation. Methods: A cross-sectional interview survey of a random sample of 100 incarcerated women at the Rhode Island Department of Corrections (RIDOC) in Cranston, Rhode Island, was conducted. Results: Participants were 62{\%} white, 11{\%} African American, 13{\%} Hispanic, and 14{\%} of mixed race. Mean age was 35 years. Of those surveyed, 67{\%} reported having had a Papanicolou (Pap) smear in the past year, the strongest predictor of which was having received a Pap smear while incarcerated. Of the inmates >40 years old, 58{\%} reported having had a mammogram in the past 2 years. The majority (88{\%}) reported testing for STIs in the past, and 39{\%} desired testing during their current incarceration. As for hepatitis C, 70{\%} had been tested previously and 37{\%} of those reported testing positive. Hispanics were less likely than whites to have been tested for hepatitis C (OR 0.1). Over half (54{\%}) of the women who reported testing positive for hepatitis C also reported having completed the hepatitis A and B vaccine series. Among smokers (80{\%} of all survey participants), 61{\%} were interested in quitting. Those who had been incarcerated multiple times were less likely to want to quit smoking (OR 0.1). Conclusions: Incarceration presents a unique opportunity to provide preventive healthcare to high-risk, medically underserved women.",
author = "Nijhawan, {Ank E.} and Rachel Salloway and Nunn, {Amy S.} and Michael Poshkus and Clarke, {Jennifer G.}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1089/jwh.2009.1469",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "17--22",
journal = "Journal of Women's Health",
issn = "1540-9996",
publisher = "Mary Ann Liebert Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preventive healthcare for underserved women

T2 - Results of a prison survey

AU - Nijhawan, Ank E.

AU - Salloway, Rachel

AU - Nunn, Amy S.

AU - Poshkus, Michael

AU - Clarke, Jennifer G.

PY - 2010/1/1

Y1 - 2010/1/1

N2 - Objectives: We sought to determine the preventive healthcare needs of incarcerated women in the following areas: cervical cancer and breast cancer screening, sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening, hepatitis screening and vaccination, and smoking cessation. Methods: A cross-sectional interview survey of a random sample of 100 incarcerated women at the Rhode Island Department of Corrections (RIDOC) in Cranston, Rhode Island, was conducted. Results: Participants were 62% white, 11% African American, 13% Hispanic, and 14% of mixed race. Mean age was 35 years. Of those surveyed, 67% reported having had a Papanicolou (Pap) smear in the past year, the strongest predictor of which was having received a Pap smear while incarcerated. Of the inmates >40 years old, 58% reported having had a mammogram in the past 2 years. The majority (88%) reported testing for STIs in the past, and 39% desired testing during their current incarceration. As for hepatitis C, 70% had been tested previously and 37% of those reported testing positive. Hispanics were less likely than whites to have been tested for hepatitis C (OR 0.1). Over half (54%) of the women who reported testing positive for hepatitis C also reported having completed the hepatitis A and B vaccine series. Among smokers (80% of all survey participants), 61% were interested in quitting. Those who had been incarcerated multiple times were less likely to want to quit smoking (OR 0.1). Conclusions: Incarceration presents a unique opportunity to provide preventive healthcare to high-risk, medically underserved women.

AB - Objectives: We sought to determine the preventive healthcare needs of incarcerated women in the following areas: cervical cancer and breast cancer screening, sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening, hepatitis screening and vaccination, and smoking cessation. Methods: A cross-sectional interview survey of a random sample of 100 incarcerated women at the Rhode Island Department of Corrections (RIDOC) in Cranston, Rhode Island, was conducted. Results: Participants were 62% white, 11% African American, 13% Hispanic, and 14% of mixed race. Mean age was 35 years. Of those surveyed, 67% reported having had a Papanicolou (Pap) smear in the past year, the strongest predictor of which was having received a Pap smear while incarcerated. Of the inmates >40 years old, 58% reported having had a mammogram in the past 2 years. The majority (88%) reported testing for STIs in the past, and 39% desired testing during their current incarceration. As for hepatitis C, 70% had been tested previously and 37% of those reported testing positive. Hispanics were less likely than whites to have been tested for hepatitis C (OR 0.1). Over half (54%) of the women who reported testing positive for hepatitis C also reported having completed the hepatitis A and B vaccine series. Among smokers (80% of all survey participants), 61% were interested in quitting. Those who had been incarcerated multiple times were less likely to want to quit smoking (OR 0.1). Conclusions: Incarceration presents a unique opportunity to provide preventive healthcare to high-risk, medically underserved women.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=75749110592&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=75749110592&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1089/jwh.2009.1469

DO - 10.1089/jwh.2009.1469

M3 - Article

VL - 19

SP - 17

EP - 22

JO - Journal of Women's Health

JF - Journal of Women's Health

SN - 1540-9996

IS - 1

ER -