Principal component analysis-adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (ANFISs) for the simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of three metals in water samples

Mohammad Goodarzi, Alejandro C. Olivieri, Matheus P. Freitas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


A spectrophotometric method for the simultaneous determination of Al(III), Co(II) and Ni(II) using Alizarin Red S as a chelating agent was developed. The parameters controlling the behavior of the system were investigated and optimum conditions were selected. The presence of non-linearities was checked using Mallows augmented partial residual plots. To take into account these non-linearities, a principal component analysis-adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference systems (PC-ANFISs) method was used for the analysis of ternary mixtures of Al(III), Co(II) and Ni(II) over the range of 0.05-0.90, 0.05-4.05 and 0.05-0.95 μg mL-1, respectively. Absorbance data were collected between 370 and 700 nm. The method was applied to accurately and simultaneously determines the content of metal ions in several synthetic mixtures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)608-614
Number of pages7
JournalSpectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 15 2009



  • Alizarin Red S
  • Aluminum
  • Chemometrics
  • Cobalt
  • Nickel
  • Spectrophotometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Spectroscopy

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