No part of the world is immune from major disasters—be they natural disasters, industrial and technological accidents, or intentional human-caused incidents including acts of terrorism. Therefore, disaster preparedness is of paramount importance for all communities everywhere. Several decades of mental health research regarding disasters have generated essential data informing community response to the mental health needs of survivors of disaster. This research has generated principles for disaster mental health response and informed the development of operationalized procedures for the response using an established framework for emergency and medical response to mass casualty incidents. This article first reviews the research foundation for these principles and operationalized procedures and then summarizes recommendations for conducting an organized disaster mental health response.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health