The noninteracting magnon gas description in ferromagnets breaks down at finite magnon density where momentum-conserving collisions between magnons become important. Here we present a hydrodynamic description of spin systems with global SU(2) symmetry in the ferromagnetic phase. We identify a key signature of the collision-dominated hydrodynamic regime - a magnon sound mode - which governs dynamics at low frequencies. The magnon sound mode is an excitation of the longitudinal spin component with frequencies below the spin-wave continuum in gapped ferromagnets and can be detected with recently introduced spin qubit magnetometers. We also show that, in the presence of exchange interactions with SU(2) symmetry, the ferromagnet hosts an usual hydrodynamic regime that lacks Galilean symmetry. We show that our results are relevant to ferromagnetic insulators in a finite energy/temperature window such that dipolar and magnon-phonon interactions are negligible, as well as in recent experiments in cold atomic gases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics