Prognostic role of cardiac power index in ambulatory patients with advanced heart failure

Justin L. Grodin, Wilfried Mullens, Matthias Dupont, Yuping Wu, David O. Taylor, Randall C. Starling, W. H.Wilson Tang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Cardiac pump function is often quantified by left ventricular ejection fraction by various imaging modalities. As the heart is commonly conceptualized as a hydraulic pump, cardiac power describes the hydraulic function of the heart. We aim to describe the prognostic value of resting cardiac power index (CPI) in ambulatory patients with advanced heart failure. Methods and results We calculated CPI in 495 sequential ambulatory patients with advanced heart failure who underwent invasive haemodynamic assessment with longitudinal follow-up of adverse outcomes (all-cause mortality, cardiac transplantation, or ventricular assist device placement). The median CPI was 0.44 W/m2 (interquartile range 0.37, 0.52). Over a median of 3.3 years, there were 117 deaths, 104 transplants, and 20 ventricular assist device placements in our cohort. Diminished CPI (<0.44 W/m2) was associated with increased adverse outcomes [hazard ratio (HR) 2.4, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.8-3.1, P < 0.0001). The prognostic value of CPI remained significant after adjustment for age, gender, pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, cardiac index, pulmonary vascular resistance, left ventricular ejection fraction, and creatinine [HR 1.5, 95% CI 1.03-2.3, P = 0.04). Furthermore, CPI can risk stratify independently of peak oxygen consumption (HR 2.2, 95% CI 1.4-3.4, P = 0.0003). Conclusion Resting cardiac power index provides independent and incremental prediction in adverse outcomes beyond traditional haemodynamic and cardio-renal risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)689-696
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

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Heart-Assist Devices
Heart Failure
Confidence Intervals
Stroke Volume
Hemodynamics
Pulmonary Wedge Pressure
Heart Transplantation
Oxygen Consumption
Vascular Resistance
Creatinine
Transplants
Kidney
Mortality

Keywords

  • Cardiac power index
  • Heart failure
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Grodin, J. L., Mullens, W., Dupont, M., Wu, Y., Taylor, D. O., Starling, R. C., & Tang, W. H. W. (2015). Prognostic role of cardiac power index in ambulatory patients with advanced heart failure. European Journal of Heart Failure, 17(7), 689-696. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.268

Prognostic role of cardiac power index in ambulatory patients with advanced heart failure. / Grodin, Justin L.; Mullens, Wilfried; Dupont, Matthias; Wu, Yuping; Taylor, David O.; Starling, Randall C.; Tang, W. H.Wilson.

In: European Journal of Heart Failure, Vol. 17, No. 7, 01.07.2015, p. 689-696.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grodin, JL, Mullens, W, Dupont, M, Wu, Y, Taylor, DO, Starling, RC & Tang, WHW 2015, 'Prognostic role of cardiac power index in ambulatory patients with advanced heart failure', European Journal of Heart Failure, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 689-696. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejhf.268
Grodin, Justin L. ; Mullens, Wilfried ; Dupont, Matthias ; Wu, Yuping ; Taylor, David O. ; Starling, Randall C. ; Tang, W. H.Wilson. / Prognostic role of cardiac power index in ambulatory patients with advanced heart failure. In: European Journal of Heart Failure. 2015 ; Vol. 17, No. 7. pp. 689-696.
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