Prognostic significance of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T concentrations between the limit of blank and limit of detection in community-dwelling adults: A metaanalysis

Ravi H. Parikh, Stephen L. Seliger, James A de Lemos, Vijay Nambi, Robert Christenson, Colby Ayers, Wensheng Sun, John S. Gottdiener, Lewis H. Kuller, Christie Ballantyne, Christopher R. DeFilippi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is controversy regarding whether to report concentrations of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T (hs-cTnT) to the limit of blank (LOB) (3 ng/L) or the limit of detection (LOD) (5 ng/L) of the assay in community-based cohorts. We hypothesized that hscTnT concentrations between the LOB and LOD would be associated with poorer cardiovascular outcomes compared to concentrations below the LOB. METHODS: hs-cTnT was analyzed in a total of 10 723 participants from the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS), Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study, and Dallas Heart Study (DHS). Participants were divided into 2 groups, those with hs-cTnT concentrations below the limit of blank (LOB) (<3 ng/L) and those with hs-cTnT between the LOB and limit of detection (LOD) (3- 4.99 ng/L). Cross-sectional associations with traditional cardiovascular risk factors and cardiac structural measurements, and longitudinal associations with long-term cardiovascular outcomes of incident heart failure and cardiovascular death, were determined. RESULTS: Participants with hs-cTnT between the LOB and LOD for all 3 cohorts were older, more likely to be male, and have a higher burden of cardiovascular risk factors and structural pathology. A metaanalysis of the 3 cohorts showed participants with hs-cTnT between the LOB and LOD were at increased risk of new-onset heart failure (hazard ratio, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.02-1.38) and cardiovascular mortality (hazard ratio, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.06 -1.57). CONCLUSIONS: hs-cTnT concentrations between the LOB and LOD (3- 4.99 ng/L) are associated with a higher prevalence of traditional risk factors, more cardiac pathology, and worse outcomes than concentrations below the LOB (<3 ng/L).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1524-1531
Number of pages8
JournalClinical chemistry
Volume61
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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