Prognostic Value of Red Blood Cell Distribution Width in Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Patients

Seyed Hossein Aalaei-Andabili, R. David Anderson, Anthony A. Bavry, Brian Barr, George J. Arnaoutakis, Thomas M. Beaver

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Elevated red blood cell distribution width (RDW) level has been shown to be associated with poor outcomes in patients with cardiovascular disease. Limited data are available regarding the prognostic value of RDW in transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) patients. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the impact of RDW variation on outcomes of TAVR patients. Methods: From March 20, 2012, to February 20, 2020, the pre-TAVR RDW levels of 1,163 consecutive TAVR patients were examined. Receiver operating curves were set to define the most accurate cut-point, which was subsequently validated in our validation set. Associations of RDW levels with early and long-term outcomes were investigated. Results: A total of 988 patients were eligible for the analysis. Patients with 30-day, 1-year, and 7-year mortality had significantly higher pre-TAVR RDW levels (15.8% [12.9-19.1] vs 14.7% [11.6-26.3], P = 0.01; 16% [12.3-26.3] vs 14.7% [11.6-24.3], P < 0.001; 15.6% [12.3-26.3] vs 14.6% [11.6-24.3], P < 0.001, respectively). A RDW of 14.5% was found as the most sensitive and specific cut-point for mortality at 1 and 7 years (HR = 2.6, 95% CI: 1.6-4.2, P < 0.001; HR = 1.8, 95% CI: 1.3-2.4, P < 0.001), with mortality of 22% versus 10% at 1 year (P < 0.001) and 37% versus 27% at 7 years (P < 0.001) in patients with RDW ≥14.5% versus those with RDW <14.5%. Conclusions: RDW is an important prognostic factor in TAVR patients. A RDW level higher than 14.5% is significantly associated with post-TAVR early and late mortality. RDW levels should be incorporated into current risk assessment models as an additional variable to predict post-TAVR outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-522
Number of pages6
JournalInnovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • RDW
  • TAVR
  • blood cell distribution width

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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