Progress in psychoradiology, the clinical application of psychiatric neuroimaging

Xiaoqi Huang, Qiyong Gong, John A. Sweeney, Bharat B. Biswal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Psychoradiology is an emerging field that applies radiological imaging technologies to psychiatric conditions. In the past three decades, brain imaging techniques have rapidly advanced understanding of illness and treatment effects in psychiatry. Based on these advances, radiologists have become increasingly interested in applying these advances for differential diagnosis and individualized patient care selection for common psychiatric illnesses. This shift from research to clinical practice represents the beginning evolution of psychoradiology. In this review, we provide a summary of recent progress relevant to this field based on their clinical functions, namely the (1) classification and subtyping; (2) prediction and monitoring of treatment outcomes; and (3) treatment selection. In addition, we provide guidelines for the practice of psychoradiology in clinical settings and suggestions for future research to validate broader clinical applications. Given the high prevalence of psychiatric disorders and the importance of increased participation of radiologists in this field, a guide regarding advances in this field and a description of relevant clinical work flow patterns help radiologists contribute to this fast-evolving field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number20181000
JournalBritish Journal of Radiology
Volume92
Issue number1101
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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