Scrapie is considered a prototype of the spongiform encephalopathies. This group of diseases is characterized by a prolonged incubation period, without symptoms, followed by an insidious onset of clinical disease leading to death. Attention has mainly been focused on central nervous system pathology, and reports of pathology in the retina have been limited. In this study, hamsters were inoculated intracerebrally with the scrapie agent and serially sacrificed to determine agent titers and pathologic changes in the eyes over time. Scrapie infectively rise progressively in the eye to maximal levels between 6 and 8 weeks after inoculation, then it reaches a plateau. Ocular abnormalities are first visible 8 weeks after infection. The process begins with a gradual loss of rod outer segments, after which progressive loss of rod inner segments and photoreceptors nuclei occurs. By 10 weeks, only a vestige of the outer nuclear layer remains. Ultrastructurally, this destruction is attended by the presence of macrophages, although the importance of this finding is unknown. Later, Muller cells increase their pericellular investment of remaining photoreceptor cell nuclei. The limitation of the lesion to the outer retinal layers suggests this tissue site may be important in the investigation of basic pathogenetic mechanisms in the spongiform encephalopathies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|State||Published - 1981|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology