Prohibitin 2 Is an Inner Mitochondrial Membrane Mitophagy Receptor

Yongjie Wei, Wei Chung Chiang, Rhea Sumpter, Prashant Mishra, Beth Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

137 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The removal of unwanted or damaged mitochondria by autophagy, a process called mitophagy, is essential for key events in development, cellular homeostasis, tumor suppression, and prevention of neurodegeneration and aging. However, the precise mechanisms of mitophagy remain uncertain. Here, we identify the inner mitochondrial membrane protein, prohibitin 2 (PHB2), as a crucial mitophagy receptor involved in targeting mitochondria for autophagic degradation. PHB2 binds the autophagosomal membrane-associated protein LC3 through an LC3-interaction region (LIR) domain upon mitochondrial depolarization and proteasome-dependent outer membrane rupture. PHB2 is required for Parkin-induced mitophagy in mammalian cells and for the clearance of paternal mitochondria after embryonic fertilization in C. elegans. Our findings pinpoint a conserved mechanism of eukaryotic mitophagy and demonstrate a function of prohibitin 2 that may underlie its roles in physiology, aging, and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)224-238.e10
JournalCell
Volume168
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 12 2017

Fingerprint

Mitochondrial Degradation
Mitochondrial Membranes
Mitochondria
Membranes
Membrane Proteins
Aging of materials
Physiology
Depolarization
Proteasome Endopeptidase Complex
Mitochondrial Proteins
Autophagy
Tumors
Fertilization
Cells
Rupture
Homeostasis
Degradation
prohibitin
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • autophagy
  • mitophagy
  • prohibitin 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Prohibitin 2 Is an Inner Mitochondrial Membrane Mitophagy Receptor. / Wei, Yongjie; Chiang, Wei Chung; Sumpter, Rhea; Mishra, Prashant; Levine, Beth.

In: Cell, Vol. 168, No. 1-2, 12.01.2017, p. 224-238.e10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wei, Yongjie ; Chiang, Wei Chung ; Sumpter, Rhea ; Mishra, Prashant ; Levine, Beth. / Prohibitin 2 Is an Inner Mitochondrial Membrane Mitophagy Receptor. In: Cell. 2017 ; Vol. 168, No. 1-2. pp. 224-238.e10.
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