We determined the ability of proinflammatory cytokines to enhance ICAM-1 (CD54) expression on, and PBMC adhesion to, human synoviocytes. Surface molecules were characterized by cell ELISA and by flow cytometry. Adhesion of PBMC to synoviocyte monolayers was measured by direct counting or by colorimetric staining. Most cytokines upregulated ICAM-1 expression (IL-1β > TNFα > IFN-γ ≫ PDGF-bb, IL-6), but not GM-CSF or TGFβ. A similar concentration-dependent increase was observed for synoviocytes derived from patients with rheumatoid or osteoarthritis. Kinetic studies of ICAM-1 expression differed among several cytokines: an early rise with IL-1β or TNFα stimulation, a gradual increase with IFN-γ, a transient increase with PDGF-bb, and a plateau with IL-6. Adhesion of PBMC to synoviocytes was increased by IL-1β or TNFα and reduced by MAb to CD54 or CD18. Increased synoviocyte adhesiveness may promote interactions with infiltrating inflammatory cells.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine