Promises and challenges of fluorescence cystoscopy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Fluorescence based photodynamic diagnostic (PDD) techniques have been developed to improve detection and treatment of non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. The goal of this article is to evaluate the promises and challenges of blue light cystoscopy. Methods: The literature was reviewed regarding articles pertaining to fluorescent cystoscopy and blue light cystoscopy (BLC). Results: Blue light cystoscopy improves detection of bladder cancer tumors especially CIS. Randomized trials have demonstrated a reduction of recurrences. BLC has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in treatment of NMIBC of varying risk. The main obstacle to BLC will be adoption by urologists. Purchase cost of capital equipment may impact usage especially if adopted for outpatient clinics. Conclusions: BLC has been demonstrated to be safe and effective in treatment of NMIBC of varying risk. The reduction of recurrences and yet unproven but potential reduction in progression should be viewed favorably by urologists and patients. The main obstacle to BLC will be adoption by urologists who can put pressure on hospitals to acquire the capital equipment and who will seek the training to become proficient in using the technology. Patient demand for the technology may also help increase availability. Finally, the companies involved with BLC need to support trials that will demonstrate reduction in progression and that will answer the practical issues regarding usage in proximity to BCG and repeated usage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)261-264
Number of pages4
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

Keywords

  • Blue light cystoscopy
  • Fluorescence-based photodynamic diagnostic
  • Nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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