CD4+ regulatory T cell (Treg) populations are believed to play very important roles in the suppression of immune responses. Overriding Treg inhibition is necessary for initiating primary immune reaction upon inflammatory Ag stimulation. LIGHT, TNF superfamily member 14, has been shown to be a costimulatory molecule for effector T cells. Overexpression of lymphotox-inrelated inducible ligand that competes for glycoprotein D binding to herpesvirus entry mediator on T cells (LIGHT) on T cells induces strong T cell-mediated experimental intestinal inflammation. How this process is initiated by LIGHT in suppressive intestinal environments remains incompletely understood. In this study, we assessed the effect of LIGHT on Tregs. Our results indicate that LIGHT can support the expansion and function of Tregs. However, when LIGHT was highly expressed, these abundant Tregs failed to suppress the development of T cell-mediated experimental colitis and antitumor immunity. We showed that this might be, in part, due to an ability of LIGHT to promote effector T cell proliferation and differentiation even in a Treg-abundant environment. Our data collectively suggest that LIGHT might be a critical cytokine involved in the development of autoimmune inflammatory diseases and that LIGHT-targeted immunotherapy might be useful in the treatment of these diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy