Background: Laparoscopic approach for the surgical management of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) has become increasingly common for pediatric patients. The purpose of this study was to compare short-term outcomes and resource utilization between open and laparoscopic surgery for prophylactic colectomy in children with FAP.Methods: The Kids' Inpatient Database (2009 and 2012) was analyzed for children (age ≤20 years) with FAP that underwent prophylactic total colectomy or proctocolectomy. Patient demographics, treating hospital characteristics, hospital charges, and short-term outcomes were compared according to the surgical technique utilized (open versus laparoscopic). Results: Overall, we identified 216 patients with FAP that underwent elective total colectomy, of which 95 cases were performed by open surgery and 121 were done laparoscopically. The majority of patients were treated at large, not-for-profit, urban teaching hospitals, and the median age was equal (16 years) in both groups. Complications that were more common for open procedures included accidental perforation or hemorrhage (4% vs. 0%, P=0.023), reopening of surgical site (3% vs. 0%, P=0.049), and pneumonia (3% vs. 0%, P=0.049). Simultaneous proctectomy was performed more commonly in the open cohort (91% vs. 71%, P<0.001) as well as ileostomy creation (74% vs. 49%, P<0.001). The median length of stay was similar in the open and laparoscopic groups (7 vs. 6 days, P=0.712). Median total hospital charges were also similar ($67,334 vs. $68,717, P=0.080). Conclusions: A laparoscopic approach for prophylactic colectomy can be safely performed in children with FAP, and total hospital charges are equivalent compared to open surgery. However, simultaneous proctectomy was performed less often with laparoscopic surgery.
- Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
- Laparoscopic surgery
- Resource utilization
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