Prospectively ECG-triggered high-pitch spiral acquisition for cardiac CT angiography in routine clinical practice

Initial results

Patric Kröpil, Carlos A. Rojas, Brian Ghoshhajra, Rotem S. Lanzman, Falk R. Miese, Axel Scherer, Mannudeep Kalra, Suhny Abbara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the mode of application, image quality (IQ), and radiation exposure resulting from introduction of a prospectively electrocardiogram-triggered high-pitch cardiac computed tomography angiography (CTA) acquisition mode into routine clinical practice. Materials and Methods: A total of 42 prospectively triggered cardiac CTAs were conducted on 34 patients (11 female, 23 male; mean age 56±15 y) using a high-pitch mode (pitch 3.4) on a dual-source CT. In 8 of these patients with higher heart rates or occasional premature ventricular contractions, 2 immediately subsequent CTAs were performed ("double flash protocol"). Subjective IQ was assessed for coronary arteries using a 4-point scale (1=unevaluable to 4=excellent). Contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) was measured in 9 locations. CT Dose Index and dose-length product were obtained, and the patients' effective dose was calculated. Results: Mean effective doses were 2.6±1.4 mSv (range: 1.1 to 6.4) for the entire cardiac examination and 1.4±0.7 mSv (0.4 to 3.1) for individual high-pitch cardiac CTA. z-coverage ranged from 9.9 cm in a native coronary CTA to 31.4 cm in a bypass graft case. The overall subjective IQ was good to excellent (mean score: 3.5), with 1.5% unevaluable coronary segments. The "double flash protocol" resulted in a fully diagnostic CT study in all cases just after taking both scans into consideration. The mean CNR of all locations was 19.7±2.6. CONCLUSION:: Prospectively electrocardiograph-triggered high-pitch-mode cardiac CTA is a feasible and promising technique in clinical routine, allowing for evaluation of coronaries at good-to-excellent IQ and providing high CNR and minimal radiation doses. The "double flash protocol" might become a more robust tool in patients with elevated heart rates or premature ventricular contractions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)194-201
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Thoracic Imaging
Volume27
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

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Electrocardiography
Noise
Ventricular Premature Complexes
Heart Rate
Coronary Vessels
Radiation
Transplants
Computed Tomography Angiography

Keywords

  • cardiac computed tomography
  • dose
  • flash
  • image quality
  • pitch

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Prospectively ECG-triggered high-pitch spiral acquisition for cardiac CT angiography in routine clinical practice : Initial results. / Kröpil, Patric; Rojas, Carlos A.; Ghoshhajra, Brian; Lanzman, Rotem S.; Miese, Falk R.; Scherer, Axel; Kalra, Mannudeep; Abbara, Suhny.

In: Journal of Thoracic Imaging, Vol. 27, No. 3, 05.2012, p. 194-201.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kröpil, Patric ; Rojas, Carlos A. ; Ghoshhajra, Brian ; Lanzman, Rotem S. ; Miese, Falk R. ; Scherer, Axel ; Kalra, Mannudeep ; Abbara, Suhny. / Prospectively ECG-triggered high-pitch spiral acquisition for cardiac CT angiography in routine clinical practice : Initial results. In: Journal of Thoracic Imaging. 2012 ; Vol. 27, No. 3. pp. 194-201.
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