The histopathologic type of lung cancer is known to be correlated with tumor behavior and prognosis. However, this classification is subjective and no specific molecular markers have been identified. The aim of this study was to identify protein markers in different types of nonsmall cell lung cancers. Two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis was performed with paired samples of three squamous cell carcinomas, three adenocarcinomas, four large cell carcinomas, and four basaloid carcinomas. We found that 25 proteins in 14 cases of lung cancer were differentially expressed compared to matched nontumorous lung tissues. Among these 25 proteins, 11 proteins were down-regulated and 14 were up-regulated in these four types of lung cancer. Alloalbumin venezia, selenium-binding protein 1, carbonic dehydratase, heat shock 20KD-like protein, and SM22 α protein were down-regulated in all 14 cases of lung cancer examined, whereas alpha enolase was consistently up-regulated. Supervised hierarchical cluster analysis based on the 25 differentially expressed proteins showed that basaloid carcinoma formed one independent group, whereas the other three cancer types were not uniquely classifiable. Our findings suggest that basaloid carcinoma is a unique subtype of nonsmall cell lung carcinoma.
- Hierarchical cluster analysis
- Histopathologic type
- Lung cancer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology