The family of endothelins, endothelin-1 (ET-1), ET-2 and ET-3, act on two subtypes of receptors called ETA and ETB receptors. BQ123 is an ETA-selective competitive antagonist. In this study, however, BQ123 inhibited ET-1-induced transients of cytosolic Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) in an apparently noncompetitive manner in mouse L cell stably expressing cloned human ETA receptor. BQ123 (3 - 30 nM) did not change the EC50 of ET-1 (6.6 nM), but reduced the maximum responses down to 15.0 %. In an non-equilibrium binding assay which mimicks the conditions of [Ca2+]i transient assay (cells were incubated with [125I]ET-1 only for 30 s), BQ123 (30 nM) constantly decreased the specific [125I]ET-1 binding to (equivalent to)13% of that without the antagonist. Thus, the apparent noncompetitive antagonism by BQ123 of ETA receptor-mediated [Ca2+]i transient is due to the assay condition where the interactions of the agonist, antagonist and receptor remained non-equilibrium state.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology