Psychiatric disorders among victims of a courthouse shooting spree: A three-year follow-up study

Sharon D. Johnson, Carol S North, Elizabeth M. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined the longitudinal course of psychiatric sequelae of a mass shooting incident at a courthouse. A sample of 80 individuals was examined 6-8 weeks after the incident and 77 of these were reassessed one and three years later using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule/Disaster Supplement. Only 5% of the study sample met criteria for PTSD after this incident. Universal distress, however, was evident as 96% of the respondents reported PTSD symptoms and 75% described the incident as "very upsetting." The need for intervention among symptomatic individuals not meeting diagnostic criteria should not be discounted as subdiagnostic distress may warrant specific intervention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)181-194
Number of pages14
JournalCommunity Mental Health Journal
Volume38
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2002

Fingerprint

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Psychiatry
incident
Disasters
Longitudinal Studies
Appointments and Schedules
diagnostic
Interviews
supplement
disaster
interview
Surveys and Questionnaires

Keywords

  • Disaster
  • Mass shooting
  • PTSD
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)

Cite this

Psychiatric disorders among victims of a courthouse shooting spree : A three-year follow-up study. / Johnson, Sharon D.; North, Carol S; Smith, Elizabeth M.

In: Community Mental Health Journal, Vol. 38, No. 3, 06.2002, p. 181-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9628412ff65f46d4841f3b9eeb8cd907,
title = "Psychiatric disorders among victims of a courthouse shooting spree: A three-year follow-up study",
abstract = "This study examined the longitudinal course of psychiatric sequelae of a mass shooting incident at a courthouse. A sample of 80 individuals was examined 6-8 weeks after the incident and 77 of these were reassessed one and three years later using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule/Disaster Supplement. Only 5{\%} of the study sample met criteria for PTSD after this incident. Universal distress, however, was evident as 96{\%} of the respondents reported PTSD symptoms and 75{\%} described the incident as {"}very upsetting.{"} The need for intervention among symptomatic individuals not meeting diagnostic criteria should not be discounted as subdiagnostic distress may warrant specific intervention.",
keywords = "Disaster, Mass shooting, PTSD, Trauma",
author = "Johnson, {Sharon D.} and North, {Carol S} and Smith, {Elizabeth M.}",
year = "2002",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1023/A:1015269521969",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "38",
pages = "181--194",
journal = "Community Mental Health Journal",
issn = "0010-3853",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Psychiatric disorders among victims of a courthouse shooting spree

T2 - A three-year follow-up study

AU - Johnson, Sharon D.

AU - North, Carol S

AU - Smith, Elizabeth M.

PY - 2002/6

Y1 - 2002/6

N2 - This study examined the longitudinal course of psychiatric sequelae of a mass shooting incident at a courthouse. A sample of 80 individuals was examined 6-8 weeks after the incident and 77 of these were reassessed one and three years later using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule/Disaster Supplement. Only 5% of the study sample met criteria for PTSD after this incident. Universal distress, however, was evident as 96% of the respondents reported PTSD symptoms and 75% described the incident as "very upsetting." The need for intervention among symptomatic individuals not meeting diagnostic criteria should not be discounted as subdiagnostic distress may warrant specific intervention.

AB - This study examined the longitudinal course of psychiatric sequelae of a mass shooting incident at a courthouse. A sample of 80 individuals was examined 6-8 weeks after the incident and 77 of these were reassessed one and three years later using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule/Disaster Supplement. Only 5% of the study sample met criteria for PTSD after this incident. Universal distress, however, was evident as 96% of the respondents reported PTSD symptoms and 75% described the incident as "very upsetting." The need for intervention among symptomatic individuals not meeting diagnostic criteria should not be discounted as subdiagnostic distress may warrant specific intervention.

KW - Disaster

KW - Mass shooting

KW - PTSD

KW - Trauma

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=1842502856&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=1842502856&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1023/A:1015269521969

DO - 10.1023/A:1015269521969

M3 - Article

C2 - 12046673

AN - SCOPUS:1842502856

VL - 38

SP - 181

EP - 194

JO - Community Mental Health Journal

JF - Community Mental Health Journal

SN - 0010-3853

IS - 3

ER -