Psychoradiologic abnormalities of white matter in patients with bipolar disorder: Diffusion tensor imaging studies using tract-based spatial statistics

Cheng Yang, Lei Li, Xinyu Hu, Qiang Luo, Weihong Kuang, Su Lui, Xiaoqi Huang, Jing Dai, Manxi He, Graham J. Kemp, John A Sweeney, Qiyong Gong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: An increasing number of psychoradiology studies that use tract-based spatial statistics (TBSS) of diffusion tensor imaging have reported abnormalities of white matter in patients with bipolar disorder; however, robust conclusions have proven elusive, especially considering some important clinical and demographic factors. In the present study, we performed a quantitative meta-analysis of TBSS studies to elucidate the most consistent white-matter abnormalities in patients with bipolar disorder. Methods: We conducted a systematic search up to May 2017 for all TBSS studies comparing fractional anisotropy (FA) between patients with bipolar disorder and healthy controls. We performed anisotropic effect size–signed differential mapping meta-analysis. Results: We identified a total of 22 data sets including 556 patients with bipolar disorder and 623 healthy controls. We found significant FA reductions in the genu and body of the corpus callosum in patients with bipolar disorder relative to healthy controls. No regions of increased FA were reported. In subgroup analyses, the FA reduction in the genu of the corpus callosum retained significance in patients with bipolar disorder type I, and the FA reduction in the body of the corpus callosum retained significance in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder. Meta-regression analysis revealed that the percentage of female patients was negatively correlated with reduced FA in the body of the corpus callosum. Limitations: Data acquisition, patient characteristics and clinical variables in the included studies were heterogeneous. The small number of diffusion tensor imaging studies using TBSS in patients with bipolar disorder type II, as well as the lack of other clinical information, hindered the application of subgroup meta-analyses. Conclusion: Our study consistently identified decreased FA in the genu and body of the corpus callosum, suggesting that interhemispheric communication may be the connectivity most affected in patients with bipolar disorder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)32-44
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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    Yang, C., Li, L., Hu, X., Luo, Q., Kuang, W., Lui, S., Huang, X., Dai, J., He, M., Kemp, G. J., Sweeney, J. A., & Gong, Q. (2019). Psychoradiologic abnormalities of white matter in patients with bipolar disorder: Diffusion tensor imaging studies using tract-based spatial statistics. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 44(1), 32-44. https://doi.org/10.1503/jpn.170221