Psychosocial and substance-use risk factors for intimate partner violence

Sherry Lipsky, Raul Caetano, Craig A. Field, Gregory L. Larkin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: Few emergency department (ED) studies have described the relationship between family violence and subsequent intimate partner violence (IPV) or accounted for partner alcohol use in IPV victimization. This study sought to identify family history and substance-use factors associated with IPV among women presenting to an urban emergency department. Methods: Case-control study in which cases (women identified as having IPV concerns and an IPV history) and controls (women without IPV) were frequency-matched by age group and race/ethnicity. Logistic regression was performed to calculate adjusted odds ratios (AOR) for any IPV, physical IPV, and sexual IPV. Results: The sample included 182 cases and 147 controls. Living with a partner (not married) and witnessing parental violence were independent risk factors for any IPV (AOR 2.55 and AOR 2.21, respectively). Partner's alcohol use (AOR 1.22 for every five drinks consumed per week) and heavier drinking (AOR 5.07) were also significant risk factors, but not subject's substance-use. The pattern of risk factors varied only slightly for physical IPV and sexual IPV. Conclusion: This study suggests a substantial relationship between partner alcohol use and IPV among women beyond the woman's substance-use and confirms previous reports regarding the cycle of violence in women's lives.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume78
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 4 2005

Fingerprint

violence
Odds Ratio
Sexual Partners
Alcohols
Violence
Intimate Partner Violence
alcohol
Hospital Emergency Service
Domestic Violence
Crime Victims
partner relationship
Drinking
Case-Control Studies
genealogy
Research Design
Age Groups
victimization
Logistic Models
History
Logistics

Keywords

  • Alcohol dependence
  • Alcohol drinking
  • Child abuse
  • Emergency medicine
  • Partner abuse
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Toxicology
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Psychosocial and substance-use risk factors for intimate partner violence. / Lipsky, Sherry; Caetano, Raul; Field, Craig A.; Larkin, Gregory L.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 78, No. 1, 04.04.2005, p. 39-47.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lipsky, Sherry ; Caetano, Raul ; Field, Craig A. ; Larkin, Gregory L. / Psychosocial and substance-use risk factors for intimate partner violence. In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2005 ; Vol. 78, No. 1. pp. 39-47.
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