PTEN loss in prostatic adenocarcinoma correlates with specific adverse histologic features (intraductal carcinoma, cribriform Gleason pattern 4 and stromogenic carcinoma)

Rajal B. Shah, Karen T. Shore, Jiyoon Yoon, Savvas Mendrinos, Jesse K. McKenney, Wei Tian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The loss of PTEN tumor suppressor gene is one of the most common somatic genetic aberrations in prostate cancer (PCa) and is frequently associated with high-risk disease. Deletion or mutation of at least one PTEN allele has been reported to occur in 20% to 40% of localized PCa and up to 60% of metastases. The goal of this study was to determine if somatic alteration detected by PTEN immunohistochemical loss of expression is associated with specific histologic features. Methods: Two hundred sixty prostate core needle biopsies with PCa were assessed for PTEN loss using an analytically validated immunohistochemical assay. Blinded to PTEN status, each tumor was assessed for the Grade Group (GG) and the presence or absence of nine epithelial features. Presence of stromogenic PCa was also assessed and defined as grade 3 reactive tumor stroma as previously described: the presence of carcinoma associated stromal response with epithelial to stroma ratio of greater than 50% reactive stroma. Results: Eight-eight (34%) cases exhibited PTEN loss while 172 (66%) had intact PTEN. PTEN loss was significantly (P < 0.05) associated with increasing GG, poorly formed glands (74% of total cases with loss vs 49% of intact), and three well-validated unfavorable pathological features: intraductal carcinoma of the prostate (IDC-P) (69% of total cases with loss vs 12% of intact), cribriform Gleason pattern 4 (38% of total cases with loss vs 10% of intact) and stromogenic PCa (23% of total cases with loss vs 6% of intact). IDC-P had the highest relative risk (4.993, 95% confidence interval, 3.451-7.223, P < 0.001) for PTEN loss. At least one of these three unfavorable pathological features were present in 67% of PCa exhibiting PTEN loss, while only 11% of PCa exhibited PTEN loss when none of these three unfavorable pathological features were present. Conclusions: PCa with PTEN loss demonstrates a strong correlation with known unfavorable histologic features, particularly IDC-P. This is the first study showing the association of PTEN loss with stromogenic PCa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1267-1273
Number of pages7
JournalProstate
Volume79
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • cribriform Gleason pattern 4
  • intraductal carcinoma of the prostate
  • prostate cancer
  • PTEN loss
  • stromogenic prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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