Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations

Sreeshma Tellapuri, Harold S Park, Sanjeeva P Kalva

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation, a condition most commonly associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, is an abnormal communication between the pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein without an intervening capillary communication. Although asymptomatic in ~ 50% individuals, it can present with the dreaded complications of stroke or intracranial abscess in high-risk individuals including pregnant women, if untreated. The mainstay of treatment is now endovascular embolization of the feeding artery which can alleviate the symptoms and prevent these complications. In this review, we describe the pathophysiology, methods of screening, diagnostic workup and treatment of these vascular lesions with a particular focus on the currently used embolization techniques and their outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1421-1428
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Volume35
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2019

Keywords

  • Coil
  • Embolization
  • Endovascular therapy
  • Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT)
  • Microvascular plug
  • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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