Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations

Sreeshma Tellapuri, Harold S Park, Sanjeeva P Kalva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation, a condition most commonly associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, is an abnormal communication between the pulmonary artery and pulmonary vein without an intervening capillary communication. Although asymptomatic in ~ 50% individuals, it can present with the dreaded complications of stroke or intracranial abscess in high-risk individuals including pregnant women, if untreated. The mainstay of treatment is now endovascular embolization of the feeding artery which can alleviate the symptoms and prevent these complications. In this review, we describe the pathophysiology, methods of screening, diagnostic workup and treatment of these vascular lesions with a particular focus on the currently used embolization techniques and their outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Arteriovenous Malformations
Communication
Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia
Lung
Pulmonary Veins
Abscess
Pulmonary Artery
Blood Vessels
Pregnant Women
Arteries
Stroke
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Coil
  • Embolization
  • Endovascular therapy
  • Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT)
  • Microvascular plug
  • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations. / Tellapuri, Sreeshma; Park, Harold S; Kalva, Sanjeeva P.

In: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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