Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: Endovascular therapy

Murthy R. Chamarthy, Harold Park, Patrick Sutphin, Girish Kumar, Daniel Lamus, Sachin Saboo, Matthew Anderson, Sanjeeva P. Kalva

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM) are abnormal direct communications between the branches of pulmonary arteries and veins, and are often seen in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT). If untreated, the right to left shunt can result in symptoms of hypoxemia, paradoxical emboli to the left side circulation, stroke and intracranial abscess. Endovascular therapy is a minimally invasive outpatient based treatment wherein the feeding artery to the PAVM is occluded with coils or plugs or a combination of both and is associated with minimal morbidity and no mortality. In this manuscript, we will review the indications and contraindications for endovascular therapy, pre-procedural work up, procedure technique and variations, complications, and outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)338-349
Number of pages12
JournalCardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Coil
  • Embolization
  • Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT)
  • Occlusion
  • Plug
  • Pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Chamarthy, M. R., Park, H., Sutphin, P., Kumar, G., Lamus, D., Saboo, S., Anderson, M., & Kalva, S. P. (2018). Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations: Endovascular therapy. Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy, 8(3), 338-349. https://doi.org/10.21037/cdt.2017.12.08