Pulmonary clearance of gram-negative bacilli

A. E. Jackson, Paul M. Southern, Alan K. Pierce, Bruce D. Fallis, Jay P. Sanford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the pulmonary clearance of several gram-negative organisms which have been proved clinically important in hospital-aquired pnueumonias and to examine host factors which have been shown to effect the development of gram-negative bacillary pneumonia. Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Herellea sp., and Flavobacterium sp. were all cleared progressively from the lungs of mice after a 30 minute period of pulmonary deposition by means of an aerosol apparatus. When two separate strains of Pseudomonas were nebulized for 30 minutes, the bacterial count of the lungs was greater 1 hour after nebulization than immediately after the nebulization period; the bacteria were then progressively cleared. This unusual pattern of clearance was not significantly altered by cortisone, tetracycline, starvation, or previous immunization with the challenge strain of pseudomonas. Coinciding with the Pseudomonas clearance, the lung weight increased significantly. Histological studies demonstrated the development and subsequent spontaneous resolution of a mild inflammatory response. When mice were followed for days after a single bacterial nebulization, the lungs were sterile by the ninth day. The differences in pulmonary clearance rates of two strains of the Pseudomonas species from other gram-negative bacilli suggest that a property peculiar to the Pseudomonas cell such as the toxic slime layer may be partially responsible for its propensity to produce noscomial pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)833-841
Number of pages9
JournalThe Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Volume69
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 1967

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Pulmonary clearance of gram-negative bacilli'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Jackson, A. E., Southern, P. M., Pierce, A. K., Fallis, B. D., & Sanford, J. P. (1967). Pulmonary clearance of gram-negative bacilli. The Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine, 69(5), 833-841.