A wheat germ ribosome dissociation factor, eukaryotic initiation factor 6 (eIF-6), has been purified almost to homogeneity from the 25 to 40% ammonium sulfate fraction of the postribosomal supernatant. This dissociation factor is distinct from initiation factor eIF-3 and its chromatographic properties permit its separation from the known wheat germ initiation factors. Under certain conditions, eIF-6 stimulates the incorporation of amino acids into polypeptides in a partially fractionated wheat germ cell-free system. The eight-step purification procedure developed includes chromatography on DEAE-cellulose, phosphocellulose, Sephadex G-75, and hydroxyapatite and yields a dissociation factor more than 80% pure. The purified factor is composed of a single polypeptide chain with a molecular weight of approximately 23,000 as determined by gel filtration chromatography and by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It is an acidic protein which is heat labile and is inactivated by treatment with N-ethylmaleimide. The dissociation factor is much more effective in preventing the reassociation of 40 S and 60 S ribosomal subunits than in directly dissociating 80 S ribosomes. Like Escherichia coli IF-3, about 10 pmol of the dissociation factor are required to dissociate 1 pmol of ribosomes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Sep 25 1979|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology