Quételet (body mass) index and effects of dapagliflozin in chronic kidney disease

Glenn M. Chertow, Priya Vart, Niels Jongs, Anna Maria Langkilde, John J.V. McMurray, Ricardo Correa-Rotter, Peter Rossing, C. David Sjöström, Bergur V. Stefansson, Robert D. Toto, David C. Wheeler, Hiddo J.L. Heerspink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Aim: To assess the effects of dapagliflozin in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and albuminuria, with and without type 2 diabetes, stratified by the Quételet (body mass) index (BMI). Methods: We randomized 4304 adult patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 25-75 ml/min/1.73m2 and urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio of 200-5000 mg/g to dapagliflozin 10 mg/day or placebo. The primary outcome was a composite of sustained decline in eGFR of 50% or more, kidney failure, or death from kidney or cardiovascular causes. Secondary outcomes included kidney composite endpoint (primary composite endpoint without cardiovascular death), cardiovascular composite endpoint (hospitalized heart failure/ cardiovascular death), and all-cause mortality. We categorized participants according to World Health Organization BMI criteria: lean/ideal (<25 kg/m2), overweight (25-< 30 kg/m2), grade 1 obesity (30-<35 kg/m2), and grade 2/3 obesity (≥35 kg/m2). Results: Of 4296 (99.8%) randomized participants, 888 (20.7%), 1491 (34.7%), 1136 (26.4%), and 781 (18.2%) were categorized as lean/ideal, overweight, grade 1 obesity, and grade 2/3 obesity, respectively. Median follow-up was 2.4 years. Benefits of dapagliflozin were observed independent of baseline BMI for primary and secondary endpoints. Hazard ratios (95% CI) for dapagliflozin versus placebo for the primary composite endpoint were 0.60 (0.43, 0.85), 0.55 (0.40, 0.75), 0.71 (0.49, 1.04), and 0.57 (0.37, 0.87) among participants in the lean/ideal, overweight, grade 1 obesity, and grade 2/3 obesity groups (interaction P =.72). Conclusion: Among participants with CKD and albuminuria, with or without type 2 diabetes, kidney and cardiovascular benefits of dapagliflozin were evident and consistent across the BMI spectrum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
StateAccepted/In press - 2022


  • body mass index
  • chronic kidney disease
  • clinical trial
  • dapagliflozin
  • obesity
  • quételet index

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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